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Flight to Stratosphere360° Aerial Panoramas

Flight to Stratosphere - • 360° Aerial Panoramas • 360° Virtual Tours Around the World

Total Views: 989 324


Among thousands of comments on our website, there was one that caught our attention: "You have photographed the entire Earth. Now it is time to shoot in Space". 

We thought "Why not?" and in the summer of 2012 we sent a probe with photographic equipment to the stratosphere, taking spherical panoramas from the near space. We have a small team and we're always busy running behind.

Recent record-breaking jump from the stratosphere by Felix Baumgartner reminded us about this flight, and we decided to cancel the planned publication of the panoramas from Europe. As a result, instead of a virtual tour of the Vatican, we're offering to your attention the report about the AirPano shooting the near space. 

Oleg Gaponyuk



The stratosphere is situated between about 10 km (6 mi) and 50 km (30 mi) altitude above the Earth's atmosphere. The stratosphere has 2 layers: the lower one (11-25 km) and the upper one (25-50 km). It's worthy to mention that air temperature in the lower layer can reach -60 ° C, while the upper layer is being gradually warmed up to +0,8 ° C and it reaches zero at the altitude of about 45 kilometers.

At altitudes from 15-20 to 55-60 kilometers lies the ozone layer that protects the Earth from the sun's deadly radiation.

The top layer of the stratosphere is often called "near space". 

Sending a camera into the stratosphere and getting it back is a technically challenging task, so we asked project, headed by Denis Efremov, to help us to do it. They have extensive experience in this field and all the necessary permits from regulatory authorities.


Sending cameras into the near space is done by using balloons filled with helium. These balloons rise 35-37 kilometers above the ground, gradually increasing in size until they are as big as three-story house. At this altitude balloons suppose to burst and send cameras safely to the ground by parachute. To shoot the moment of the balloon's explosion, we set one of the cameras up vertically in video mode.

View of the Earth from 30 km

Balloons had to be launched before dawn in order to shoot the Earth in a beautiful morning light. The night was amazing: all the way to the launch site in the North-East Moscow region our road was lit by headlights, stars, and the moon. Soon the work was in full swing. Our colleagues from Netwind were right on time: they quickly unpacked their things and installed the lighting. We found out that all the necessary equipment could hardly fit into two cars! 

Preparing to fly

A calm weather was promising a good probe launch. But a lot of things had to be checked before the launch. Cameras have to operate in extremely cold conditions: batteries can be damaged, and cover lenses can get misted over or get covered with ice crystals. Cameras have several search GPS-beacons attached to them so they could be found after landing on the ground. However, there is a possibility of failure. That's why assembly process requires a lot of attention.  

Preparing to fly

By morning, all preparations were completed, and the balloon sailed slowly into the sky above the rolling fog. One of the pilots even filmed the launch of the balloon with a radio-controlled model airplane! All we had to do was wait and see what our balloon cameras would show on the screen.

Start of the flight

Some time later we saw beautiful clouds floating past the balloon while it was lit by sun rays. Everything went according to the plan. Upon reaching the altitude of 35-37 kilometers the balloon bursted and cameras started to descend. GPS-beacons sent their coordinates several kilometers above the ground and went silent. The next transmission time was supposed to be from their landing position. But it never happened. This is why we had to cover five miles in diameter in order to find the camera. The search ended up going for 2 days straight: our whole team made several trips to the landing area and searched for camera unit in the dark forest, making our way through the faint trails without any results. It's hard enough to find a small camera in the forest with more or less precise coordinates, but without them it's almost impossible. Furthermore, simultaneous failure of two GPS-beacons looked suspicious, and we thought the camera was not in the forest, but in a lake located near to the search area. Was it a technical failure or a water landing: we couldn't find out the exact cause. A few thousand dollars worth of equipment was lost, and we had to do it all over again.

So a week later we had to repeat the whole process again. The weather was great and the moon and stars gave us new hopes for success. The sky was cloudy but, nonetheless, the luck was on our side. The clouds spared us and photo shoot was successful: on panorama you can see forests, fields, and Pleshcheyevo lake by Pereslavl-Zalesskiy. This time there were three GPS-beacons with cameras and they didn't fail us.

Explosion of the balloon

Cameras landed on the field in the outskirts of one local village attracting attention of cows. But our equipment was not edible, so we found it intact. We have a video of our trip to the cameras' landing site: you can see all the rough roads and small bridges we had to cross to get there. But it was worth it! We finally had a spheric panorama of the Earth from the altitude of 37 kilometers.

24 October 2012

Virtual Tour
Photo Gallery


2015-11-04 07:09:35    
  5 from 5

"Is the Earth flat? did you take photo's with a normal lense?"

Ryan Hind, United Kingdom

2015-07-09 17:25:17    
  5 from 5

"Really, really amazing!
You're Master!"

Domenico Perrone, Italy

2015-06-05 22:28:06    
  5 from 5

"Thousend thanks for beautiful photos! Congratulations dear boys from Hungary! Kalman."

Koczy Kalman, Hungary

2015-01-14 15:55:40    
  5 from 5

"One thing I don't understand is: Why can we see the stars, even so close to the sun?
The images that are published by NASA don't show any stars. Also images shot by the astronauts on the moon don't have visible stars on them. The astronauts themselves told that they only could see the stars on the dark side of the moon. The explanation given is: The light from the sun is so bright that with a normal camera setting the stars are simply too faint to show up. Even if you would use a much longer exposure, the sun flare reflections between different lens sections would dominate the image.
My question is: Did you add the stars later on top of the original photographs? Please tell, because this would be important for the scientific community to know!"

Ercan Gigi, Netherlands

AirPano: Dear Ercan, we've already answered to the similar question in Russian version of our guest book. Look at the message:  2012-12-13 12:06:59

Briefly, by using manual settings of the camera, it is possible to take a photo where you can see stars and Sun at the same time. We absolutely precisely know how to do it via HDR technology, by shooting with fisheye optics and taking a few pictures with different exposure.

But there is another picture when default camera settings is used.  In this case, as you correctly noticed, the brightness of the sun will force camera to set the exposure to get results where the sky will be dark and the stars will not be visible, as it is on NASA's photos.

When we was creating the panorama of Stratosphere, we had a task to make artistic picture, which most of visitors expect to see. We didn't want to get documentary photography for learning in the scientific community. Therefore we used different technology for showing the sun and the stars.

2014-12-26 00:31:52    
  5 from 5

"It can't begin to imagine how you guys must have cringed when loosing the first set. In the end you made it and it's fucking amazing! Such dedication, much inspiration."

Paul Bergot, France

2014-07-20 11:02:49    
  5 from 5

"It has become my place, to get away from the hot heat, It is my KBA, kick back area, it take my troubles away with this music, it gives me a little sorrow for things I missed and missing, Thank you , wish you write the music names, Thank you again"

Mohammed AlEidi, Saudi Arabia

2014-06-02 16:06:26    
  5 from 5

"Woow . I like this. Very very nice"

Javad Hajzade, Iran

2014-04-27 02:56:46    
  5 from 5

"É tão bom poder voar dentro de casa. Quantas pessoas podem ser felizes pelo vosso trabalho, e ver o mundo como nunca o poderiam ver de outra forma. Também voçês devem estar agradecidos pelo trabalham que fazem, pois vos deve dar um gozo enorme. De qualquer forma, muito obrigado pelo vosso trabalho."

João Castanheira, Portugal

2014-03-05 23:18:22    
  4 from 5

"Its' a good feeling to know that quality people have left on this planet :)"

Deliman Mihai, Romania

2014-01-28 12:00:33    


medoo dahlawi, Saudi Arabia

2014-01-13 19:51:13    
  5 from 5

"¡¡¡ Impresionante y gran trabajo...poder ver todo el mundo con un solo click y desde casa...seguid así...hacer mas fotos de ESPAÑA, que muchos lugares que merece la pena verlos....!!! DIOS OS BENDIGA."

santos dual hernandez, Spain

2014-01-13 05:42:27    
  5 from 5

"Espectacular... sin palabras"

josefina mateos, Spain

2013-12-27 21:15:39    
  5 from 5

"Excelente trabajo, muy bien logrado, las imágenes son espectaculares, es maravilloso poder contemplar lo bello que es nuestro planeta, gracias totales señores de Airpano."

Leonardo Chaves, Colombia

2013-12-26 21:52:51    
  5 from 5

"When I saw these pictures, my heart stopped! To think our world is like this.... just beautiful. I thank god for this world!"

Leilani Miller, USA

2013-12-10 21:07:49    
  5 from 5

"I have always wondered what another race/ alien would think of of our world, and what would they see...."

Randall Lakey, USA

2013-12-08 18:20:21    
  5 from 5

"meus cumprimentos por esta maravilha da tecnologia
que vocês, nos proporciona.
obrigado por tudo isso"

gerson dimarzio, Brazil

2013-11-15 17:06:20    
  5 from 5

"I want to thank to things firts the god who created this beautiful world and second the airpano who gave us the opportinuty to look and admire the god created beautiful world"

Aniketh Hotagi, India

2013-11-01 18:02:29    
  5 from 5

"Such a great task you won finally."

Mir Mehrullah Talpur, Pakistan

2013-10-29 01:44:17    
  5 from 5

"Life isn't fair, but it's still good.."

Peyman Ahmadi, Iran

2013-10-01 11:54:44    
  5 from 5


mojtaba nabatzae, Iran

2013-09-22 02:56:19    
  5 from 5

"espetacular parabens"

elder elderdoria, Brazil

2013-09-13 23:32:10    
  5 from 5

"Vangelis music makes this experience unbelievable. I applaud the team that have put this all together."

Andrzej H, Poland

2013-09-01 12:22:46    
  5 from 5

Atefe' Abbasi, Iran

2013-08-29 17:11:09    
  5 from 5

"What a wonderful earth we have I thank the great creater God who created this wonderful earth."

shaku joseph arrangasseri srshakuntala, India

2013-08-29 16:38:04    
  5 from 5


Kiljae Lee, Korea

2013-07-10 17:33:17    
  5 from 5

"For any one who is house bound, Wonderful!!"

Irene Abdi, United Kingdom

2013-06-27 09:42:04    
  5 from 5

"amazing....I'm really thankful o whole team..."

venkat pampana, India

2013-06-19 02:39:17    
  5 from 5

"Felicitaciones es un trabajo espectacular gracias por tan lindas imagenes"

horacio donalisio, Argentina

2013-06-08 00:40:31    
  5 from 5

"My wife and I looked at some of your work and Zarina said that at our late age this is wonderful tool to visit places that we wished to but did not for one reason or other.
We liked your work and thank you for sharing with us. Please keep on going.

Arif Saeed, Canada

Varvara, AirPano: Dear Arif, we are glad that you and your wife like it. You are always welcome!

2013-06-06 02:02:26    
  5 from 5

"Amazing on all that you have done!

Can you tell the title to all the songs in the videos?? the are all wonderfully selected!


Oberdan Aguiar, Brazil

Varvara, AirPano: Oberdan, click the link below so you can read how to find titles of songs

2013-05-03 03:21:27    
  5 from 5

"UNGLAUBLICH, was ihr da macht, Jungs!!
Meine Hochachtung!
Grüsse aus der Schweiz"

Andreas Merz, Switzerland

2013-05-02 16:47:22    

"As a teacher... this is truly amazing stuff.... keep at it you guys. Wow!"

John Greig, Australia

2013-04-13 07:36:00    

"wonderfull thanks for your work, it´s spectacular."


2013-03-08 01:22:15    
  5 from 5

"İncredible work...Congratulations and thanks a lot for sharing..."

Burak Ercümen, Turkey

2013-03-06 01:26:10    
  5 from 5

"Ihr seid die Grössten,es gibt nichts schöneres als unsere Erde aus dieser Perspektive zu sehen. Danke,alles Gute und weiter so!!!!!!"

Ronald Wolf, Germany

2013-02-10 15:08:07    
  5 from 5

"Amazing Work!"

Eugenio Mafaraci, Germany

2013-02-06 22:15:37    
  5 from 5

"As I read the well deserved accolades and praise from around the world, it struck me, the AirPano team has created a common interest that transcends all our differences. All I can add is Thank You!"

Gordon Reilly, USA

2013-02-06 21:02:24    
  5 from 5

"The views really take you there. Awestruck!"

Andy Crownm, USA

2013-02-05 21:16:37    

"All panoramas and 3D Virual Tours"

Lise Charland, Canada

2013-02-01 17:31:20    
  5 from 5

"opravdu super"

Karel CÍS, Czech Republic

2013-02-01 08:17:10    
  5 from 5

"This is Truly an Outstanding feat! Alot of hard work went in this project and it is Truly Appreciated. My compliments to the Team who accomplished this. Please keep up the Great Work!!!"

Dan Stalnaker, USA

2013-01-28 19:34:50    

"It's amazing work..the most beautiful images that i have ever seen..I can't stop looking at it
thank you"

Maggie Ali, Egypt

2013-01-26 17:38:03    
  4 from 5

Gabriel Leicht, Israel

2013-01-20 22:33:02    
  5 from 5

"These panorama views are the most beautyful views that I have ever seen. Thanks and keep doing your job!!!"

Giovanni Saviano, Italy

2013-01-19 13:47:04    
  5 from 5

Tomi B, Macedonia

2013-01-18 16:36:43    
  5 from 5

""Very very very beautiful - I would ( PLEASE ) love to have a screen saver of this that would slowly rotate!Greatings from Switzerland"

Dimitri Kokas ,Deskati, Switzerland

2013-01-16 19:38:02    
  5 from 5

"this is a great thank you incredible impressions excellent work amazing thank you"

marta gajdusek, USA

2013-01-15 03:17:08    
  5 from 5

"Very inspiring - beautiful - I would love to have a
screen saver of this that would slowly rotate !!"

Michael Pollitz, USA

2013-01-14 17:08:49    
  5 from 5

"Wow... this is something! I had to swallow the tears as I watched this. This was exactly what I imagined it to be. Makes you think about more than just a cool experiment doesnt it..."

Kyle Hendricks, South Africa

2013-01-13 20:51:05    
  4 from 5

"Awesome pictures. Keep it up!"

Peter Ling, Malaysia

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Panoramas and 360° Virual Tours of the Most Beautiful Places Around the World:     Guilin National Park, China   •   Masai-Mara, Kenya   •   2018 FIFA World Cup Stadiums, Russia   •   Mont Saint-Michel Abbay, France   •   Abbey of Montserrat, Spain   •   Abu Dhabi, UAE, UAE   •   Acropolis, Athens, Greece   •   Agra Fort, India   •   Ay-Petri, Russia   •   Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia   •   Alhambra, Granada, Spain   •   Malpelo Island , Colombia   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angel falls, Venezuela   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angkor Wat, Cambodia   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   South Georgia Island, British overseas territory   •   Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Mariana Trench, Mariana Islands   •   Athens, Greece   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Baikal Lake, Russia   •   Baikal Lake, Russia   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Bangkok, Thailand   •   Barcelona, Spain   •   Kambalnaya river, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kambalnaya river, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Beijing, China, China   •   Berlin, Germany, Germany   •   Bern, Switzerland   •   Bern, Switzerland   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow, Kolomenskoye, Russia   •   Borobudur, Indonesia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Budapest, Hungary   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Canaima Lagoon, Hacha Waterfall, Venezuela   •   Canaima Lagoon, Ucaima Waterfall, Venezuela   •   Canaima Lagoon, Hacha Waterfall, Venezuela   •   Cancun, Mexico   •   Cannes, French Riviera, France   •   Cape Good Hope, South Africa   •   Cappadocia, Turkey   •   Venice, Italy   •   Venice, Italy   •   Venice, Italy   •   Casablanca, Morocco, Morocco   •   Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, China   •   Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, China   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Chillon Castle, Switzerland   •   China, China   •   Corcovado, Brazil   •   Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, Russia   •   Church of the Savior on Blood, Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Cinque Terre, Italy, Italy   •   Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Corniglia, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Cortona, Italy   •   Cote d'Azur, Antibes, Port Grimaud, France   •   Côte d'Azur. Fréjus and Saint-Raphaël, France   •   Cote d'Azur, Menton, France   •   Cote d'Azur, Saint-Tropez, Sainte-Maxime, France   •   Cote d'Azur, Villefranche-sur-Mer, Ile d'Or and Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France   •   Crimea, Russia   •   Curonian Spit, Lithuania   •   Curonian Spit, Russia   •   Cusco, Peru, Peru   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Death Valley, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Delhi, India   •   Delta of the Orinoco River, Venezuela   •   Guadalupe Island, Mexico   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Dolomites, Italy   •   The Caribbean, Dominican Republic   •   Surroundings of Angel Falls, Dragon Falls, Cortina Falls, Venezuela   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Paris, France   •   Ethiopia, Ethiopia   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, India   •   Fes, Morocco   •   Fiordland, New Zealand   •   Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia   •   Fjallabak Nature Reserve, Iceland   •   Lake Bogoria, Kenya   •   Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Russia   •   Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia   •   Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic   •   Flooding, Germany   •   Florence, Italy   •   French Polynesia, French Polynesia   •   Fussen Town, Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau Castles, Germany   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gigapanorama of Moscow from the Ostankino Tower, Russia   •   Gobi Desert, Mongolia   •   Moscow Region, Russia   •   Golden Ring of Russia, Russia   •   Suzdal, Russia   •   Ivanovo, Russia   •   Kostroma, Russia   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Rostov, Russia   •   Sergiyev Posad, Russia   •   Vladimir, Russia   •   Yaroslavl, Russia   •   Grand Canyon, USA   •   360 video, Grand Canyon, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Egyptian Pyramids, Egypt   •   The Great Wall of China, China   •   Great Wall of China. Jiankou and Jiaoshan, China   •   Great Wall of China. Jiankou and Jiaoshan, China   •   Cape-Town, South Africa   •   360 video, Grozny, Russia   •   Halong Bay, Vietnam   •   Oahu, Hawaii, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Langisjor and Veidivotn, Iceland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Zaanse Schans, Holland   •   Hollywood, California, USA   •   Jerusalem, Israel   •   Hong Kong, China   •   Horseshoe Bend, Arizona, USA   •   Huanglong, Sichuan, China   •   Huangshan mountains, China   •   Ilulissat, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Jokulsarlon Ice Lagoon, Iceland   •   Iceland, the best, Iceland   •   Iguasu Falls, Argentina   •   India, India   •   Iceland, Iceland   •   Irkutsk, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Istra, Russia   •   Jaipur, India   •   Jakarta, Indonesia   •   Jellyfish Bay, Raja Ampat, Indonesia   •   Jellyfish Bay, Raja Ampat, Indonesia   •   Kaliningrad, Russia   •   Kalyan Minaret, Bukhara, Uzbekistan   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kambalnoe Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Kargopol, Russia, Russia   •   Kathmandu, Nepal   •   Kazan, Russia   •   Kiev, Ukraine   •   Kolmanskop Ghost Town, Namibia   •   Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia   •   Lake Baikal, Russia   •   Lake Powell, USA   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Pisa, Tuscany, Italy   •   Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil   •   Lima, Peru   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Los Angeles, California, USA   •   Lucerne, Switzerland   •   Lucerne, Switzerland   •   Luxor, Egypt   •   Machu Picchu, Peru   •   Madrid, Spain   •   Fesdu Island, Maldives   •   Manarola, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Chichen Itza, Mexico   •   Tikal, Guatemala   •   Meteora, Greece, Greece   •   Mexico, Mexico   •   Miami, USA   •   Mir Castle, Belarus   •   Easter Island, Chile   •   Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand   •   Monaco, Monaco   •   Mono Lake, California, USA   •   Mont Blanc, Italy   •   Mont Blanc, Italy   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Kotor Bay, Montenegro   •   Monterosso, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   MKAD, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia, Russia   •   Moscow, MSU, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Krokus Expo Center, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Kolomenskoye, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   City of Capitals, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Naarden, Holland   •   Nairobi, Kenya   •   Namib Desert, Namibia   •   Jiuzhaigou, China   •   Nazca Lines, Peru   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Niagara Falls, USA   •   Nice, France   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Shanghai, China   •   North Goa, India   •   North Goa, India   •   North Kurile Islands, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Northern lights in Norway, Norway   •   Norwegian Fjords, Norway   •   Novodevichy Convent. Moscow, Russia   •   Old Watch Towers, Ingushetia, Russia   •   Grimsvotn, Iceland   •   Orda Cave, Russia   •   Orvieto, Italy   •   Ramenki, Moscow, Russia   •   Pamukkale, Turkey   •   Paraty, Brazil   •   Paris, France   •   Pena National Palace, Sintra, Portugal   •   Peter and Paul fortress, Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia   •   Pit Cenote, Mexico   •   Plitvice-Lakes, Croatia   •   Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia   •   Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia   •   Plosky Tolbachik Volcano , Russia   •   Porto Venere, Italy   •   Porto, Portugal   •   Porto, Portugal   •   Prague, Czech Republic   •   Prambanan Temple Compounds, Indonesia   •   Putorana Plateau, Russia   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Rabat, Morocco   •   Zambezi River, Zambia   •   Raja Ampat archipelago, Indonesia, Indonesia   •   Kronstadt, Russia   •   Reine, Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Reykjavik, Iceland   •   Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Brazil   •   Rio-de-Janeiro, Brazil   •   Riomaggiore, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Roman Colosseum, Italy   •   Romw, Italy   •   Kubinka, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg at night, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Sakhalin Island, Russia   •   San Francisco, California, USA   •   Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA   •   San Juan and Colorado rivers, USA   •   Goosenecks, Utah, USA   •   Santiago, Chile   •   Oia, Greece   •   Sao Paulo, Brazil, Brazil   •   Seattle, USA   •   Segovia, Spain   •   Senja Island, Norway   •   Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia   •   Seville, Spain   •   Seychelles, Seychelles   •   Shanghai, China   •   Truk Lagoon, Micronesia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Shoubak Castle, Jordan   •   Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar   •   Siena, Italy   •   Tidore island, Indonesia   •   South Maldives, Maldives   •   Southern Maldives, Maldives   •   Southern Maldives, Maldives   •   Sankt Moritz, Switzerland   •   360 video, mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Elbrus, Russia   •   Statue of Liberty, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Norway   •   Svolaer, Lofoten archipelago, Norway, Norway   •   Swaminarayan Akshardham, India   •   Lausanne, Swiss Riviera, Switzerland   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Ta Prohm, Angkor, Cambodia   •   Taj Mahal, India   •   Taj Mahal, India   •   Teotihuacan, Mexico   •   The Drakensberg, South Africa   •   UAE, UAE   •   White Sea, Russia   •   Palpa, Peru   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Australia, Australia   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Mauritius, Mauritius   •   Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia   •   The Land of Bears, Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Matterhorn, Switzerland   •   Palmyra, Syria   •   Twelve Apostles Marine National Park, Australia   •   Blue Lagoon, Iceland   •   The Qiandaohu Lake, China   •   Times Square, New York, USA   •   Toledo, Spain   •   Trinity Lavra of Sait Sergius, Russia   •   Raja Ampat archipelago, Indonesia   •   North Pole, North Pole   •   Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia   •   Cramp fish, Maldives   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Uzon, Western Thermal Field, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Valencia, Spain   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Varanasi, India, India   •   Italy, Vatican   •   Venice, Italy   •   Vernazza, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Vienna, Austria   •   Cape Town, RSA   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Toronto, Canada   •   Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany   •   Volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Volcano Plosky Tolbachik, Russia   •   Wadi Rum Desert, Jordan   •   Wadi Rum Desert, Jordan   •   Wadi Rum Desert, Jordan   •   Waterfalls, Iceland   •   Wayag Island, Raja Ampat, Indonesia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Sochi, Russia   •   Yamal Peninsula, Russia   •   Yellowstone National Park, USA   •   Yuanyang Hani Rice Terraces, China   •   Matterhorn-Cervino, Switzerland   •   Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China   •   Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China   •   Zhivopisniy Bridge, Moscow, Russia   •   Zurich, Switzerland   •