World Map by AirPano

Top 20 virtual tours

Kaliningrad, Russia360° Aerial Panoramas

Kaliningrad, Russia - AirPano.com • 360° Aerial Panoramas • 360° Virtual Tours Around the World

Total Views: 245 487

The history of the westernmost region of Russia and its administrative centre, now called Kaliningrad, began in the 13th century, when the King of Bohemia Premysl Otakar II wanted to make his own contribution to the Northern Crusades. In 1255 he sent his forces to help the Teutonic Knights: that's when the fortress was founded at the mouth of the Pregolya River.

Königsberg Cathedral

The fortress that got the name Königsberg (Latin: Regiomontium, meaning "King's Mountain") in honour of Premysl Otakar II, initially had been built out of wood, but in the two following years was replaced by a stone construction. In due course three different neighbouring towns were united by this name, though until 1724 each of them had been administratively independent: every town had its own town hall, a burgomaster, a court, etc. The interesting fact is that exactly in 1724 the great philosopher and the most famous native-born of the city, Immanuel Kant, was born here.

Kaliningrad (Königsberg), Russia

11 January 1758 is the date when the Russian forces entered Königsberg, and till the end of the Seven Years' War (1763) the city had been under the reign of the Russian Empire. Later Königsberg grew into the capital of the province of East Prussia. In 1871 the city became a part of the German Empire: this change resulted in the creation of several fortifications around the city that included 15 forts.

"Fish Village"

The new stage of the city's development was caused by the completion of the railway connecting Berlin and St. Petersburg in 1860. Later, in 1901, the opening of a ship canal between Königsberg and Pillau also contributed to the growth of the city. In 1919 Devau Airport was opened: it was the first civil airport in Germany and one of the first airports for general aviation in the world. In the 20th century the city overgrew the fortifying walls: new buildings, railway stations, churches were built. The new architectural styles called Bauhaus and Jugendstil (German for "Modern") started dominating in the city. Architects Hanns Hopp and Friedrich Heitmann were the persons to influence the appearance of the city more than others. The best example of architecture of that time is Amalienau District, that once was a suburban quarter, but now is a part of the Central District of Kaliningrad.

Above the Pregolya River

In August 1944, before the end of the World War II, the city of Königsberg suffered a series of bomb attacks performed by the British Air Forces. A lot of citizens died here, the area of Old Town was significantly damaged, many historical monuments, including Königsberg Castle, were ruined.

Later the Soviet forces entered the city, and this battle inflicted further damage for the architectural heritage of Königsberg. In 1945, according to the decision of the Potsdam Conference, the northern part of the German province East Prussia together with its capital Königsberg became a part of the Soviet Union. In 1946 the city's name, as well as the name of the whole region, was changed in honour of Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin — the Soviet politician who died in the same year.

"Fish Village" at night

The third smashing attack which damaged the historical heritage of Kaliningrad occurred in the 60s-70s. In order to get rid of the German past, the Soviet leaders made a decision to destroy not only the ancient structures of the city, but the ruins of the castle as well.

Only in the end of the 20th century the attitude towards German architecture started changing, some of the buildings that had survived the war and the Soviet period were restored. The Church of the Holy Family, the church of Queen Louise (known as the Luisenkirche, now is the Kaliningrad Puppet Theatre) and the Königsberg Stock Exchange (now the Cultural Centre) are among them. Königsberg Cathedral, which had been the main catholic cathedral until the 16th century, is now used for museum exhibitions and concerts. This brick Gothic-style Cathedral is one of the very few Gothic buildings in Russia. There are two organs in the cathedral, one of them is considered to be the biggest organ in Europe.

Victory Square (Ploshchad Pobedy)

Nine more historical cathedrals have been preserved in Kaliningrad. Juditten Church dated the 13th century (now is St. Nicholas Cathedral) is the oldest building in the city. There are also several reminders of the ancient battles that took place here: the elements of the Second Defensive Belt dated 1850s, the fort structure dated the 19th century and the King's gate built during the Seven Years' War. In 2005, during the preparations for the 750th anniversary of the city, the King's Gate was restored and became the major symbol of the celebration.

Königsberg Cathedral

There are certain modern monuments in Kaliningrad: a 28-meter high Triumphal Column and the new Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, both located near newly-reconstructed Victory Square (former Hansaplatz, the Square of Hansa). Fortunately, despite all the losses of the 20th century, this city still has something to show you. Just open the panoramas and see it yourself!

In the zoo

This virtual tour was made with the financial support the Russian Geographical Society.

Photos by Sergey Shandin, Stas Sedov and Dmitry Moiseenko

19 February 2016


Open
Virtual Tour
Open
Photo Gallery

Comments


2016-08-12 03:26:56    
  5 from 5

"Thank you to all who made this possible Just wonderful !"

Nole Anderson, Australia

2016-02-23 00:25:12    
  5 from 5

"Kaliningrad is one of the best panoramas you made, maybe the best in my own opinion.
Congratulations"

Leon DRUEZ, Belgium

2016-02-19 20:53:30    
  5 from 5

"Thanks for extraordinary presentation. Is very nice and beautifull city. I hope so visit your coutry and espeshely Kaliningrad area."

IOAN PASCU, Romania

2016-02-19 11:27:00    
  5 from 5

"very nice presentation of the beautiful city !!! thank you"

Karel Hofmann, Czech Republic

Top
 
* First Name:
* Last Name:
Country:
*E-mail: Your E-mail will not be published but it will be used to send the anwers to your message
  You can rate our panorama or write a comment. You can do both if you would like!
Rate our panorama:                     (the highest mark is 5)
Comments:
 
Panoramas and 360° Virual Tours of the Most Beautiful Places Around the World:     Guilin National Park, China   •   Masai-Mara, Kenya   •   Mont Saint-Michel Abbay, France   •   Abu Dhabi, UAE, UAE   •   Acropolis, Athens, Greece   •   Agra Fort, India   •   Ay-Petri, Russia   •   Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia   •   Alhambra, Granada, Spain   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angel falls, Venezuela   •   Angel Falls, Venezuela   •   Angkor Wat, Cambodia   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   South Georgia Island, British overseas territory   •   Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Mariana Trench, Mariana Islands   •   Athens, Greece   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Bangkok, Thailand   •   Barcelona, Spain   •   Kambalnaya river, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Beijing, China, China   •   Berlin, Germany, Germany   •   Bern, Switzerland   •   Bern, Switzerland   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Borobudur, Indonesia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Budapest, Hungary   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Canaima Lagoon, Hacha Waterfall, Venezuela   •   Canaima Lagoon, Ucaima Waterfall, Venezuela   •   Cancun, Mexico   •   Cannes, French Riviera, France   •   Cape Good Hope, South Africa   •   Cappadocia, Turkey   •   Venice, Italy   •   Venice, Italy   •   Venice, Italy   •   Casablanca, Morocco, Morocco   •   Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Chillon Castle, Switzerland   •   China, China   •   Corcovado, Brazil   •   Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, Russia   •   Church of the Savior on Blood, Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Cinque Terre, Italy, Italy   •   Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Corniglia, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Cortona, Italy   •   Côte d'Azur. Fréjus and Saint-Raphaël, France   •   Cote d'Azur, Villefranche-sur-Mer, Ile d'Or and Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France   •   Crimea, Russia   •   Curonian Spit, Russia   •   Cusco, Peru, Peru   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Delhi, India   •   Delta of the Orinoco River, Venezuela   •   Dolomites, Italy   •   The Caribbean, Dominican Republic   •   Surroundings of Angel Falls, Dragon Falls, Cortina Falls, Venezuela   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Paris, France   •   Ethiopia, Ethiopia   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, India   •   Fes, Morocco   •   Fiordland, New Zealand   •   Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia   •   Fjallabak Nature Reserve, Iceland   •   Lake Bogoria, Kenya   •   Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Russia   •   Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia   •   Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic   •   Flooding, Germany   •   Florence, Italy   •   French Polynesia, French Polynesia   •   Fussen Town, Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau Castles, Germany   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gardens of the Queen, Cuba   •   Gigapanorama of Moscow from the Ostankino Tower, Russia   •   Gobi Desert, Mongolia   •   Moscow Region, Russia   •   Golden Ring of Russia, Russia   •   Suzdal, Russia   •   Ivanovo, Russia   •   Kostroma, Russia   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Rostov, Russia   •   Sergiyev Posad, Russia   •   Vladimir, Russia   •   Yaroslavl, Russia   •   Grand Canyon, USA   •   360 video, Grand Canyon, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Egyptian Pyramids, Egypt   •   The Great Wall of China, China   •   Cape-Town, South Africa   •   360 video, Grozny, Russia   •   Halong Bay, Vietnam   •   Oahu, Hawaii, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Langisjor and Veidivotn, Iceland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Zaanse Schans, Holland   •   Hollywood, California, USA   •   Jerusalem, Israel   •   Hong Kong, China   •   Horseshoe Bend, Arizona, USA   •   Huanglong, Sichuan, China   •   Huangshan mountains, China   •   Ilulissat, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Jokulsarlon Ice Lagoon, Iceland   •   Iceland, the best, Iceland   •   Iguasu Falls, Argentina   •   India, India   •   Iceland, Iceland   •   Irkutsk, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Istra, Russia   •   Jaipur, India   •   Jakarta, Indonesia   •   Kaliningrad, Russia   •   Kalyan Minaret, Bukhara, Uzbekistan   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kambalnoe Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Kargopol, Russia, Russia   •   Kathmandu, Nepal   •   Kazan, Russia   •   Kiev, Ukraine   •   Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia   •   Lake Baikal, Russia   •   Lake Powell, USA   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Pisa, Tuscany, Italy   •   Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil   •   Lima, Peru   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Los Angeles, California, USA   •   Lucerne, Switzerland   •   Lucerne, Switzerland   •   Luxor, Egypt   •   Machu Picchu, Peru   •   Madrid, Spain   •   Fesdu Island, Maldives   •   Manarola, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Chichen Itza, Mexico   •   Tikal, Guatemala   •   Meteora, Greece, Greece   •   Mexico, Mexico   •   Miami, USA   •   Easter Island, Chile   •   Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand   •   Monaco, Monaco   •   Mono Lake, California, USA   •   Mont Blanc, Italy   •   Mont Blanc, Italy   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Mont Blanc, France   •   Kotor Bay, Montenegro   •   Monterosso, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   MKAD, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia, Russia   •   Moscow, MSU, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Krokus Expo Center, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   City of Capitals, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Naarden, Holland   •   Nairobi, Kenya   •   Namib Desert, Namibia   •   Jiuzhaigou, China   •   Nazca Lines, Peru   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Niagara Falls, USA   •   Nice, France   •   Moscow, Russia   •   North Kurile Islands, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Norwegian Fjords, Norway   •   Novodevichy Convent. Moscow, Russia   •   Grimsvotn, Iceland   •   Orda Cave, Russia   •   Orvieto, Italy   •   Ramenki, Moscow, Russia   •   Pamukkale, Turkey   •   Paraty, Brazil   •   Paris, France   •   Pena National Palace, Sintra, Portugal   •   Peter and Paul fortress, Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia   •   Pit Cenote, Mexico   •   Plitvice-Lakes, Croatia   •   Plosky Tolbachik Volcano , Russia   •   Porto Venere, Italy   •   Porto, Portugal   •   Porto, Portugal   •   Prague, Czech Republic   •   Prambanan Temple Compounds, Indonesia   •   Putorana Plateau, Russia   •   Zambezi River, Zambia   •   Raja Ampat archipelago, Indonesia, Indonesia   •   Reine, Lofoten archipelago, Norway   •   Reykjavik, Iceland   •   Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Brazil   •   Rio-de-Janeiro, Brazil   •   Riomaggiore, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Roman Colosseum, Italy   •   Romw, Italy   •   Kubinka, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg at night, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Sakhalin Island, Russia   •   San Francisco, California, USA   •   Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA   •   San Juan and Colorado rivers, USA   •   Goosenecks, Utah, USA   •   Santiago, Chile   •   Oia, Greece   •   Sao Paulo, Brazil, Brazil   •   Seattle, USA   •   Segovia, Spain   •   Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia   •   Seville, Spain   •   Shanghai, China   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar   •   Siena, Italy   •   Sankt Moritz, Switzerland   •   360 video, mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Elbrus, Russia   •   Statue of Liberty, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Norway   •   Swaminarayan Akshardham, India   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Ta Prohm, Angkor, Cambodia   •   Taj Mahal, India   •   Taj Mahal, India   •   Teotihuacan, Mexico   •   Kremlin, Moscow, Russia   •   The Drakensberg, South Africa   •   UAE, UAE   •   White Sea, Russia   •   Palpa, Peru   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Australia, Australia   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Mauritius, Mauritius   •   Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia   •   The Land of Bears, Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Matterhorn, Switzerland   •   Palmyra, Syria   •   Twelve Apostles Marine National Park, Australia   •   Blue Lagoon, Iceland   •   The Qiandaohu Lake, China   •   Times Square, New York, USA   •   Trinity Lavra of Sait Sergius, Russia   •   Raja Ampat archipelago, Indonesia   •   North Pole, North Pole   •   Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia   •   Cramp fish, Maldives   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Valencia, Spain   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Varanasi, India, India   •   Italy, Vatican   •   Venice, Italy   •   Vernazza, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Vienna, Austria   •   Cape Town, RSA   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Toronto, Canada   •   Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany   •   Volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Volcano Plosky Tolbachik, Russia   •   Waterfalls, Iceland   •   Wayag Island, Raja Ampat, Indonesia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Sochi, Russia   •   Yamal Peninsula, Russia   •   Yellowstone National Park, USA   •   Yuanyang Hani Rice Terraces, China   •   Matterhorn-Cervino, Switzerland   •   Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China   •   Zhivopisniy Bridge, Moscow, Russia   •   Zurich, Switzerland   •