World Map by AirPano

Top 20 virtual tours

Test Shooting AirPano.com

High Resolution

360 Video, Test Shooting. High Resolution, 7Mbit/sec Flow (for fast internet only):

1. Kremlin Riverfront

2. Vozdvizhenka, Manezhnaya Square

3. Okhotniy Riad, Theatre Square, Lubianka

4. Ilyinka, Red Square

 

Low Resolution

360 Video, Test Shooting. Low Resolution, 2Mbit/sec Flow:

1. Kremlin Riverfront

2. Vozdvizhenka, Manezhnaya Square

3. Okhotniy Riad, Theatre Square, Lubianka

4. Ilyinka, Red Square

 

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360 Video. History of Creation

Back nearly 10 years ago when a wide range of users could afford the first digital cameras, the idea of spherical shot was as virtual as the virtual reality itself. A breakthrough was achieved in the latest 5-6 years. Since then the spherical panoramas have composed a genre: a viewer along with the panoramic photographers can fly up in the sky, dive into a deep ocean, visit the farthest corners of our planet and even be cooked together with the eggs in the oven. The feelings of a real existence in the point of shooting, which spherical panorama offers, incomparably exceed the richest and high professional traditional photo and video. In comparison with the achievements in the sphere of surrounding space visualization the traditional genres lost drastically.

Along with technologies were developing the most progressive panoramic photographers began to concern with the question of shooting not only static spheres, when a viewer stands in a fixed shooting point, but also unsteady ones, when the viewer is able to move in space and look different sides. That time it seemed fantastic!

Nevertheless, the progress was moving ahead and fantastic things became reality.

One of the first spherical videos was represented by the Immersive Media Company www.immersivemedia.com

Several years ago by chance we saw the interactive video reportage by Immersive Media on the site of CNN. It was dedicated to the consequences of the earthquake on Haiti, which had almost completely destroyed its capital:

http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2010/01/world/haiti.360/index.html (there are 5 videos)

The video impressed us very much: in spite of low resolution the viewers can virtually visit the place of the tragedy.

In spring of 2011 when we was interested in shooting of 360 video and contacted Immersive Media with a query of prices and equipment. But Immersive Media proposal shocked us: 63 thousand dollars for camera and correspondent equipment with a delivery term of several months. We were puzzled…

Despite the high price for the equipment we didn’t like the characteristics of video; they were low and weak in comparison with the actual ones. We analyzed the shots of Haiti’s video and concluded that the shot’s dimension was 1792x896 pixels; the bitrate was 1600 Kbit/sec with the frame frequency of 15 shots/sec.

It is worth to mention that by that time we have already had great experience in spherical panoramas shooting and have been able to realize such things which can be made by a few people in the world: shooting in the air either from helicopter, light jet or big balloon; shooting with a radio-controlled model and underwater spheres shooting. Now there are virtual tours shot in about 60 interesting places of the Earth on the site of AirPano.com. From the technical point of view, some of our creative works are the unique ones. For example, we shot the spherical panorama at a speed of 250 kilometers per hour flying on the board of one of the helicopters in group, we made a giga pixel panorama in the air at a height of 1 km and, finally, we learnt to shoot night aerial spherical panoramas. Besides panoramas shooting, we have had experience in video editing of approximately “upper intermediate” level.

Well, that time we refused the idea of the purchase from Immersive Media and decided to try creating a spherical video by ourselves using already available photo equipment.

 

Start. First Obstacles

It was decided that the role of video camera would be played by Canon 5D Mark II which allows shooting in Full HD format 1080p. With the help of Canon we hoped to obtain a wider dynamic range that it was in the video reel with Haiti, which had been shot with matrixes used in not expensive simple hand-held cameras. As a lens we used Sigma 10mm fisheye with the lens hood cut. We often use such lens in our ordinary shootings. The process of cutting itself, when Andrey Zubets cuts a lens hood from the lens with a hacksaw in the kitchen, looks like that:

No doubt, the lens doesn’t look new in that case but it allows making spherical panoramas with 3 shots.

Our plan of “360 video” creating was the following: shoot an ordinary video with three cameras simultaneously, then cut the video for the separate shots, stitch the spherical panoramas using those shots and, finally, create the video using the 360 degrees panoramas. As you see, it is easy :)

But to realize that easy plan into real life wasn’t so easy because we met a number of obstacles, which sometimes were just insuperable. Our brain storming lasted about a week, the next week we made experiments with shooting and processing of the material shot, two weeks later our first test video reel appeared on the site and 10 later minutes the server failed. Then we’ll tell you how we were overcoming obstacles and what happened in result.

Full article you can read here

Authors of the video: Oleg Gaponyuk and Andrey Zubetz

21 October 2011

Comments


2016-04-25 20:13:12    
  5 from 5

"I like the way you describe the experimental ups and downs of your research. So many of us make a big deal of successes but are too self absorbed to document the interesting failures and problems they have to overcome! Its so refreshing to read articles written with such candour."

Nick Moore, United Kingdom

2016-04-09 20:03:11    
  5 from 5

"I'll really fascinated by all the work you've done to make 360 videos with DSLR cameras. I have two questions, since the sigma 10mm lens is no longer available what lens would use instead? Also what did you use to mount the four 5D cameras together? I prefer your idea of using SLR cameras instead of gopros because of the control."

Taras Slawnych, Canada

AirPano: "Dear Taras, we still have sigma lenses. We would recommend Samyang lens for Sony A7r."

2015-02-10 16:09:21    
  5 from 5

"Great work! Compliments to all the supporting staff."

Francesco Spaghetti, Italy

2015-01-17 13:37:00    
  5 from 5

"Excellent,really superb keep it up. Air pano reminds me of Circarama of Disney in 1960"

Aspi Billimoria, India

2015-01-16 15:23:35    
  5 from 5

"pefect.it was excellent.thanks alot"

shima rad, Iran

2014-09-19 03:51:11    
  1 from 5

goljaee baset, Iran

2014-01-23 18:09:31    
  5 from 5

"Excelente LABOR, Cientos de millones !, Hispano-parlantes agradeceriamos tambien ! la traduccion al ESPAÑOL."

German Porras, USA

2013-12-21 10:30:25    
  5 from 5

"Great work!!! really loved it... i want to ask one thing... what speed you guys maintain of that car while shooting video?"

Dipakk Polekar, India

2013-10-02 18:33:20    
  5 from 5

ghasem ghasemi, Iran

2013-06-12 17:28:41    
  5 from 5

"Thank you for a very interesting and well written article. You guys a passionate about what you do as we are with our 360 Panos. Thanks again."

Brent Butcher, Australia

2013-03-21 02:49:10    
  5 from 5

"entering another world.marvellous."

chris ridley, United Kingdom

2013-02-17 00:04:13    
  5 from 5

"It`s amazing, beautiful, woderfull- thanks a lot."

Andrzej Korupczynski, Poland

2013-01-19 06:12:57    
  5 from 5

"WOW! acclaim as the peak of perfection。I like it very much!Chinese or not?"

changshuai yuan, China

2013-01-14 16:00:55    

"Photos are very nice."

ali babaei, Azerbaijan

2012-12-04 05:51:33    
  5 from 5

"This is my contry: beautyfull, wonderfull, exceptional, amazing. Came to see in live. I love it."

José Carlos F. Lorenzini, Brazil

2012-12-02 07:31:00    
  5 from 5

SAEED AGHAKHANI, Iran

2012-12-01 16:37:32    
  5 from 5

"Very good"

fuming Mao, China

2012-11-14 04:54:29    
  4 from 5

"A lot of this could have been resolved by avoiding Immersive Media from the start. They are the biggest rip off in the industry. They act like they are the only ones in the industry with this technology and so they can charge whatever they want for this. My company actually used a company called All360Media.com out of Las Vegas when we were putting on a show from the LA Auto Show. These guys were very reasonable and not only did they record our event and turn it around quick to us, we were able to stream it LIVE, and it cost us less than 3K/day. We had over 3K viewers watching our product debut live. I applaud your tenacity to find your own solution, and what you did looks great. If you ever find a live streaming solution, let us all know. Until then, go with the guys at All 360 Media, we will definitely use them again. Apparently now, you can even buy your own 360 system from them too for half of what Immersive was trying to charge you for a day rate, plus they can sell you a live streaming set up too. Good luck all, and again, great work! Thank you for sharing!"

Robert Lowery, USA

2012-11-12 21:59:40    
  5 from 5

"Woooooow~ Thanks for good information."

kiljae Lee, Korea

2012-11-05 20:04:45    

"Excellent work, fantastic photography!"

h zc, China

2012-10-15 20:58:24    
  5 from 5

"Congratulations for such spectacular work! Thank you for the lovely images"

Mayet Romero, Philippines

2012-09-28 23:44:08    
  5 from 5

"Excellent work of a. Superb photography. Big thank you"

Tariq Ahsan, Pakistan

2012-07-20 08:52:31    
  5 from 5

SAJEEV KUMAR, India

2012-07-05 16:15:41    
  5 from 5

"Thank you for the nice photos and introduction to your work (hobby?). Lets i point your attention to really small m43 system cameras, specially the panasonic ones (with a firmware hack to get a professional quality films) and beautiful m42 lenses. http://www.engadget.com/2010/06/18/panasonic-gf1-gets-1080p-video-recording-via-firmware-hack/ The whole work was a brilliant example how the Russians solving problems! (I know, i also finished my studies in the former SU) Privet! :) and thank again."

Attila I., USA

2012-04-15 15:58:44    
  5 from 5

"My mind just blew. I hope there'll be more 360videos soon. :) As to your 360 panoramas, they are simply outstanding! Were you considering trip to Easter Island? It'd be great to see it photographed by you. Best wishes and thank you for that feast for my eyes. :)"

Bartosz Mielnikow

2012-03-30 12:07:34    
  5 from 5

paul kingsley, India

2012-03-11 15:44:34    
  5 from 5

"Thank you for the nice photos and introduction to your work (hobby?). Lets i point your attention to really small m43 system cameras, specially the panasonic ones (with a firmware hack to get a professional quality films) and beautiful m42 lenses. http://www.engadget.com/2010/06/18/panasonic-gf1-gets-1080p-video-recording-via-firmware-hack/ The whole work was a brilliant example how the Russians solving problems! (I know, i also finished my studies in the former SU) Privet! :) and thank again."

Attila I., USA

AirPano: "Many thanks, Attila, for your compliments as well as additional information!"

2012-03-06 19:32:53    
  5 from 5

"Thanks Andrew & Oleg for a most informative article -- and (as usual) for inspiring examples of the best that can be done! I am gratified that you have enabled Panini view in your KRPano based interactive presentations -- and also added wide view. These make the visual experience of panning a moving ultra-wide picture more comfortable. You should consider making wide the default. I'm curious about wide -- is it from KRPano, or did you develop it yourselves? I implemented something like it last year but have so far published only one pano with that. Best, Tom"

Thomas Sharpless, USA

2012-03-06 19:30:20    
  5 from 5

"Thanks Andrew & Oleg for a most informative article -- and (as usual) for inspiring examples of the best that can be done! I am gratified that you have enabled Panini view in your KRPano based interactive presentations -- and also added wide view. These make the visual experience of panning a moving ultra-wide picture more comfortable. You should consider making wide the default. I'm curious about wide -- is it from KRPano, or did you develop it yourselves? I implemented something like it last year but have so far published only one pano with that. Best, Tom"

Thomas Sharpless, USA

2012-03-04 08:41:47    

"I just bought an Immersive camera for 20K USD including an upgrade path to their new HD camera system."

Joseph Gibson, USA

2012-03-02 04:40:22    
  5 from 5

"You guys show that imagination in action can make a true difference in achieving the imposible. I been pixel peeping your outputs and can see very little difference with the Immersive Media solution at a fraction of the cost. I will soon try the Go pro route and was wondering if it would be posible for you to share with me the program you wrote on Basic for my Post-pipeline. Thanks alot and really inspiring work, you have true fans in Mexico!!!"

Rudy Torres, Mexico

AirPano: "Great thanks to our Mexican fan club! Good luck, guys!"

2012-03-02 01:17:40    

"your high res videos don't work???"

andy evans, USA

2012-02-22 19:43:43    

"thanks for all members in this site about them efforts"

mostafa osman, Egypt

2012-02-19 20:12:43    
  5 from 5

"Amazing!!! Beautiful project Here in Brazil I am trying to develop something like 4 or 5 GoPro and I was very glad to see a video with 1080p resolution. I loved the description of conversion from videos to photos panoramic believe it is possible to do something similar with the GoPro. Keep posting new techniques for eventually winning a big fan A big hug to everyone if they come to Brazil in contact. PS: Sorry for my English."

Geraldo Hoffmann, Brazil

2011-10-26 10:45:29    
  5 from 5

"Congratulations! innovation and the innumerable successes, I'm a fan of your work, I follow and look for all that you publish! really inspiring! I started shooting panoramas 1 year and I see in you an inspiration whenever I encounter an obstacle! please continue! a fan of Brazil"

Jorge Santos

AirPano: "Thank You very much, Jorge!"

2011-10-25 16:48:13    
  5 from 5

"imagination costs no money! really good good work...if this is the first atempt...jur jur... congraculations in fullHD."

miki arregui

2011-10-25 15:15:05    
  5 from 5

"imagination costs no money! really good good work...if this is the first atempt...jur jur... congraculations in fullHD."

miki arregui

2011-10-24 17:37:45    
  5 from 5

"It is somethig unusual, complicated and highly interesting! Good luck, guys!"

Carlos Chipuiz

AirPano: "Thank You, Carlos!
It was truly challenging)"

2011-10-24 16:56:28    
  5 from 5

"Such an interesting read. Great work on that rig. Something I've been wanting to try for a long time. Just don't have the budget for 4 DSLRs :D. I think a time-lapse in this format would be rather interesting, especially if produced as a stereographic projection! Did you try a GoPro rig also? or was that just a concept idea? Any way thanks for sharing this project."

Rob Antill

Top
 
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Panoramas and 360° Virual Tours of the Most Beautiful Places Around the World:     Guilin National Park, China   •   Masai-Mara, Kenya   •   Mont Saint-Michel Abbay, France   •   Abu Dhabi, UAE, UAE   •   Acropolis, Athens, Greece   •   Ay-Petri, Russia   •   Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Amsterdam, Holland   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Angel falls, Venezuela   •   Angkor Wat, Cambodia   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   Antarctica, Antarctica   •   South Georgia Island, British overseas territory   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Mariana Trench, Mariana Islands   •   Athens, Greece   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Bagan, Myanmar   •   Bangkok, Thailand   •   Barcelona, Spain   •   Kambalnaya river, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Beijing, China, China   •   Berlin, Germany, Germany   •   Bern, Switzerland   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Bhutan, Bhutan   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bromo volcano, Java, Indonesia   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Bryce Canyon, USA   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Buenos Aires, Argentina   •   Cancun, Mexico   •   Cannes, French Riviera, France   •   Cape Good Hope, South Africa   •   Cappadocia, Turkey   •   Casablanca, Morocco, Morocco   •   Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chateaux of the Loire Valley, France   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Chicago, Illinois, USA   •   Corcovado, Brazil   •   Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, Russia   •   Cinque Terre, Italy, Italy   •   Corniglia, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Cortona, Italy   •   Crimea, Russia   •   Curonian Spit, Russia   •   Cusco, Peru, Peru   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Delhi, India   •   Dolomites, Italy   •   The Caribbean, Dominican Republic   •   Surroundings of Angel Falls, Dragon Falls, Cortina Falls, Venezuela   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Dubai, United Arab Emirates   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Pyramids, Egypt   •   Paris, France   •   Ethiopia, Ethiopia   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Everest, Nepal   •   Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, India   •   Fes, Morocco   •   Fiordland, New Zealand   •   Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia   •   Fjallabak Nature Reserve, Iceland   •   Lake Bogoria, Kenya   •   Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Russia   •   Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia   •   Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic   •   Flooding, Germany   •   Florence, Italy   •   Fussen Town, Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau Castles, Germany   •   Gigapanorama of Moscow from the Ostankino Tower, Russia   •   Gobi Desert, Mongolia   •   Moscow Region, Russia   •   Golden Ring of Russia, Russia   •   Suzdal, Russia   •   Ivanovo, Russia   •   Kostroma, Russia   •   Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia   •   Rostov, Russia   •   Sergiyev Posad, Russia   •   Vladimir, Russia   •   Yaroslavl, Russia   •   Grand Canyon, USA   •   360 video, Grand Canyon, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Egyptian Pyramids, Egypt   •   The Great Wall of China, China   •   Cape-Town, South Africa   •   360 video, Grozny, Russia   •   Halong Bay, Vietnam   •   Oahu, Hawaii, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Langisjor and Veidivotn, Iceland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Holland, Holland   •   Zaanse Schans, Holland   •   Hollywood, California, USA   •   Jerusalem, Israel   •   Hong Kong, China   •   Horseshoe Bend, Arizona, USA   •   Huanglong, Sichuan, China   •   Ilulissat, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Jokulsarlon Ice Lagoon, Iceland   •   Iceland, the best, Iceland   •   Iguasu Falls, Argentina   •   India, India   •   Iceland, Iceland   •   Irkutsk, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Istra, Russia   •   Jaipur, India   •   Jakarta, Indonesia   •   Kaliningrad, Russia   •   Kalyan Minaret, Bukhara, Uzbekistan   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kambalnoe Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Kargopol, Russia, Russia   •   Kathmandu, Nepal   •   Kazan, Russia   •   Kiev, Ukraine   •   Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia   •   Lake Baikal, Russia   •   Lake Powell, USA   •   Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Las Vegas, USA   •   Pisa, Tuscany, Italy   •   Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Lisbon, Portugal   •   Los Angeles, California, USA   •   Lucerne, Switzerland   •   Luxor, Egypt   •   Machu Picchu, Peru   •   Madrid, Spain   •   Fesdu Island, Maldives   •   Manarola, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Chichen Itza, Mexico   •   Tikal, Guatemala   •   Meteora, Greece, Greece   •   Mexico, Mexico   •   Miami, USA   •   Easter Island, Chile   •   Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand   •   Mono Lake, California, USA   •   Mont Blanc, Italy   •   Kotor Bay, Montenegro   •   Monterosso, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   MKAD, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow City, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow Kremlin, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, MSU, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Krokus Expo Center, Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   City of Capitals, Russia   •   Istanbul, Turkey   •   Mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Naarden, Holland   •   Nairobi, Kenya   •   Namib Desert, Namibia   •   Jiuzhaigou, China   •   Nazca Lines, Peru   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   New Jerusalem Monastery, Russia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Niagara Falls, USA   •   Nice, France   •   Moscow, Russia   •   North Kurile Islands, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Norwegian Fjords, Norway   •   Novodevichy Convent. Moscow, Russia   •   Grimsvotn, Iceland   •   Orda Cave, Russia   •   Orvieto, Italy   •   Ramenki, Moscow, Russia   •   Pamukkale, Turkey   •   Paris, France   •   Pena National Palace, Sintra, Portugal   •   Petra, Jordan   •   Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia   •   Plosky Tolbachik Volcano , Russia   •   Porto Venere, Italy   •   Porto, Portugal   •   Prague, Czech Republic   •   Prambanan Temple Compounds, Indonesia   •   Raja Ampat archipelago, Indonesia, Indonesia   •   Reykjavik, Iceland   •   Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Brazil   •   Rio-de-Janeiro, Brazil   •   Riomaggiore, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Roman Colosseum, Italy   •   Romw, Italy   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Saint Petersburg, Russia   •   Sakhalin Island, Russia   •   San Francisco, California, USA   •   Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA   •   San Juan and Colorado rivers, USA   •   Goosenecks, Utah, USA   •   Santiago, Chile   •   Oia, Greece   •   Sao Paulo, Brazil, Brazil   •   Seattle, USA   •   Segovia, Spain   •   Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia   •   Seville, Spain   •   Shanghai, China   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar   •   Siena, Italy   •   Sankt Moritz, Switzerland   •   360 video, mount Elbrus, Russia   •   Elbrus, Russia   •   Statue of Liberty, New York, USA   •   Manhattan, New York, USA   •   Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Norway   •   Swaminarayan Akshardham, India   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Sydney, Australia   •   Ta Prohm, Angkor, Cambodia   •   Taj Mahal, India   •   Teotihuacan, Mexico   •   Kremlin, Moscow, Russia   •   The Drakensberg, South Africa   •   UAE, UAE   •   White Sea, Russia   •   Palpa, Peru   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Australia, Australia   •   Great Barrier Reef, Australia   •   Mauritius, Mauritius   •   Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia   •   The Land of Bears, Kurile Lake, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Matterhorn, Switzerland   •   Twelve Apostles Marine National Park, Australia   •   Blue Lagoon, Iceland   •   The Qiandaohu Lake, China   •   Times Square, New York, USA   •   Trinity Lavra of Sait Sergius, Russia   •   North Pole, North Pole   •   Cramp fish, Maldives   •   Maldives, Maldives   •   Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Russia, Russia   •   Valencia, Spain   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Varanasi, India, India   •   Italy, Vatican   •   Venice, Italy   •   Vernazza, Cinque Terre, Italy   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Victoria Falls, Zambia   •   Moscow, Russia   •   Vienna, Austria   •   Cape Town, RSA   •   Dubai, UAE   •   Toronto, Canada   •   Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany   •   Volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Kamchatka, Russia   •   Kamchatka, Volcano Plosky Tolbachik, Russia   •   Waterfalls, Iceland   •   Wayag Island, Raja Ampat, Indonesia   •   Sochi, Russia   •   Yellowstone National Park, USA   •   Yuanyang Hani Rice Terraces, China   •   Matterhorn-Cervino, Switzerland   •   Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China   •   Zurich, Switzerland   •